Absolutely everything in this universe, from our bodies to the air around us, is made up of molecules. They, themselves, are made up of atoms and atoms are made up of pairs of electrons. However, oxidative stress caused by free radicals cause atoms to miss an electron, and that’s when cells can be damaged.
In other words, free radicals can damage your skin by trying to grab an extra electron from atoms in your skin cells. When atoms are taken away from molecules in the skin, it can damage its cell's DNA causing accelerated and apparent signs of aging. This is called the "free radical theory of aging."
This little biology crash-course should raise the following question: Alright, so what does this mean for me, the way I will age, and my skin? Here's a guide on how to better understand how free radicals work and how you can keep them from affecting your complexion.
Where are free radicals & how are they causing my skin to age?
Any toxicity from pollution, smog, cigarette smoke, to the sun and processed sugars we consume can cause free radical damage. It appears through an unfortunate variety of several different forms of skin damage. It can range from changes in skin color (hyperpigmentation/dark spots and broken blood vessels) to broken down collagen and weakened skin that looks loose and saggy as a result of damaged elastic fibers.
How can I stop free radicals from harming my skin?
We can't hence it enough: no matter what you've done to your skin in the past, how you may have abused it in the past, take measures now to protect and preserve it. Natural ingredients, in this case, those high in antioxidants can powerfully protect and potentially even repair your cells from our increasingly toxic habits and environment.
Antioxidants are compounds that can donate an electron to a free radical so that the free radical doesn’t have to take the electron from the skin’s atoms: they sacrifice themselves for your precious skin cells' electrons. The rule is, if you have higher antioxidants in your body than your exposure to free-radicals you are "safe" from oxidative damage and armed to prevent all its unwanted effects on your skin & health.
Antioxidants include vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E and can be consumed via food and liquids (such as tomatoes, grapes, and green tea) or applied topically. There’s a wide variety of creams, serums, and lotions on the market containing antioxidants to help you fight skin damage but it's important for you to know that not all antioxidant containing ingredients are created the same: the size of the molecule matters and some brands out there are in fact selling products with antioxidants with a molecular size too large to even get into deeper levels of your skin. If the ingredients contain a "bioavailable form" of nutrients this means the nutrients, in this case, antioxidants, can effectively be absorbed and serve your cells as a free radical protection. Our Muse Oil was formulated to contain an extremely high content of all three A, C and vitamin E carried out by oils that are easily absorbed into deeper levels of your skin making it an effective protection from oxidative stress and free radical damage.